Country Line Dancing

with Gail and Harry


ACROSS
Movement across the Line of Dance
or
Movement of one leg in front of the other

ALIGNMENT
The position of the body with relation to the Line of Dance

FLOOR ALIGNMENT
Forward, Forward Left Diagonal, Forward Right Diagonal, Center or Left, Wall or Right, Reverse LOD, Reverse Left Diagonal, Reverse Right Diagonal

PARTNER ALIGNMENT
The symmetric alignment of a couple

AMALGAMATIONS, CLUSTERS or COMBINATIONS
A group or sequence of dance figures or patterns

AND
1 Half of a Quick count (& 1 or 1 &) 2 A Call such as "ready and" 3 Indicates simultaneous action Note: In my step descriptions, the word "and" notes simultaneous actions while the figure "&" indcates movement on a half beat of music

APART
1 Movement away from partner or one foot away from the other 2 Placement of feet apart frome each other (2nd position)

BALANCE STEP
A step in any direction, followed by a Close (no weight) and a Hold

BEHIND
A step with the free foot crossing behind the weighted foot

BODY MOVEMENTS GESTURE
Any movement not connected with supporting the body weight

STEP
The transfer of weight from one foot to another

LOCOMOTION
Movement of the body from one place to another

JUMPING
Movement without a point of support

TURNING
Changing position in a circular fashion

BOOGIE
The free hip lifts and moves in a circular motion in the direction of the weighted foot

BOOGIE ROLL
1. Similar to Cuban Motion, using a forward and backward movement of the pelvis; 2. A circular movement starting in the pelvis region, moving through the diaphragm, chest and shoulders

BOOGIE WALK
To move the free leg by lifting the hip and stepping forward

BREAK
1. A change or reverse of direction; 2. See Rhythm Break

BRUSH or SCUFF
To brush, sweep or scuff the foot against the floor

BUMP
Dancers bump hips to the side or the buttocks of their partners

CENTER
Individual
• Balance point of the body mass - located near the diaphragm
Couples
• Center point between partners

CHARLESTON, Black Bottom
aka Monatna Kick
A 4-count pattern of steps and kicks

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CHAINÉ
A 360° turn, feet together in first position, changing weight >

CHASE
A figure where one partner pursues the other

CLOSE
To bring the feet together without a change of weight

COUNT
A call used to count the rhythm of foot movements and weight changes, or to count the beats of music

CONTRA BODY MOVEMENT (CBM)
A movement of the body into or from 3rd or 5th foot position which turns the opposite hip and shoulder toward the direction of the moving leg

CUBAN MOTION
Hip motion initiated by using the inside edge and ball of the foot during weight transfer

CUP AND PIN
The man holds his left hand with the palm facing inward, thumb over the lady's fingertips. The lady curls her right fingertips over the man's left fingers The hands are held approximately at the lady's waist level. There is resistance needed for many changes of positions and turns.

DIAGONAL
45° out from the center of the Line of Dance (direction)

DIG
To touch the ball or heel of the free foot to the floor with a strong emphasis

DRAW, DRAG or SLIDE
To bring the free foot slowly together to the weighted foot

EXTENSION
To stretch or extend parts of the body

FAN
Circular motion of the free foot

TOE FAN
Toe swings outward, pivoting on heel, and back

HEEL FAN
Heel swings outward, pivoting on ball of foot, and back

FAN KICK
High, straight leg kick where the extended leg makes a circular sweep

FLEX
To bend slightly or relax a portion of the body Example the flex of the knee

FLICK
Sharp, quick kick backwards with a pointed toe and a flexed knee

FOOTWORK
The use of the five positions of the feet in dancing

FIRST POSITION
Feet together, toes forward and slightly turned out CALLS Home, Center, Together

SECOND POSITION
Feet parallel, shoulder width apart

THIRD POSITION
Heel to instep, or ball to heel Used in rock steps, shuffles, polkas, triple steps, and basic swing

EXTENDED
Feet apart, heel pointing to instep

FOURTH POSITION
Walking step, forward or back, and rock steps

FIFTH POSITION
Heel to toe Often used in a rock-step

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FOOT PARTS
Toe Inside edge of toe Outside edge of toe Ball Inside edge of the ball Outside edge of the ball Heel Inside edge of heel Outside edge of heel Flat Inside edge of the flat foot Outside edge of the fiat foot

FOLLOW THROUGH
The non-support foot passes by the weighted foot before changing directions

FRAME
Dance posture for the purpose of maintaining balance and appearance

FREEZE
A stop no movement

GRAPEVINE or VINE
A continuous traveling step pattern to the side with crosses behind and/or in front

HEEL SPLIT, WING SCISSORS or PIGEON-TOE BUTTERFLIES ETC.
Feet together with weight on balls of both feet. Move heels apart on count 1, and together on count 2

FAST HEEL SPLIT
takes one beat of music and is counted as "& 1"

KNEE POPS or HEEL STOMPS
Lift both heels off the floor by bending the knees Return the heels to the floor Takes one beat of music and counted as "& 1"

HOLD
A count to describe a designated time before taking another step

HOME
Original starting place

HOP
A spring into the air from one foot and landing on the same foot

HOOK or CROSS
The free foot moves as a pendulum in front of or in back of the weighted foot and is kept off the floor The toes pointing downward

HOOK COMBINATION
A 4 count move using (1) heel (2) hook (3) heel and (4) together

ISOLATION
Movement of one part of the body independently of the rest

JAZZ BOX or JAZZ SQUARE
A jazz box can be called several ways; examples:

Step forward left Step right across left Step back left Side step right
or
Step right over left Step back left Side step right Step forward left JUMP Spring into the air off both feet and land on both feet

LEAD
A non-verbal communication that initiates and continues movement

LEAP
A transfer of weight from one foot to the other. Push off with a spring and land on the ball of the other foot, letting the heel come down Bend knee to absorb the shock

LEFT
Refers to the left foot, hand, hip or a direction

LINDY: Line dance move
8-count series of side shuffles and rock steps
Example:

1&2 Side step right & step left beside right, side step right
3-4 Rock step left slightly behind right, recover weight to right
5&6 Side step left & step right beside left, side step left
7-8 Rock step right slightly behind left, recover weight to left

LINDY CHARLESTON: Couples swing move:

COUNT MAN LADY
1. Rock back with LF Rock back with RF
2. Change weight forward on RF Change weight forward on LF
3. Kick forward with LF Kick forward with RF
4. Land LF forward Land RF forward
5. Kick forward with RF Kick forward with LF
6. Swing RF back without landing Swing LF back without landing
7. Kick back with RF Kick back with LF
8. Bring RF to LF, landing Bring LF to RF, landing
 

LOCK
A tight cross of the feet in 1st or 2nd position

LOD - LINE OF DANCE
Counterclockwise around the dance floor

LOOP TURN
An underarm turn to the left for the lady and to the right for the man

LUNGE
A weight transfer to a bent leg with the other leg extended

PIGEON TOED
A pattern traveling sideways bringing the toes together leaving the heels apart, then bringing the heels together leaving the toes apart

PIVOT
A traveling turn executed with thighs locked and feet apart in extended fifth position

PREP
A lead-in move or step a set up used as a preparation for a turn or a change of dance position

QUICK
A step or weight change that takes one beat of music

RESISTANCE
A balanced force and counter force between two bodies

MUSIC
Flow of recurrent heavy and light accents

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DANCE
Recurrent flow of foot and body movements

RHYTHM BREAK
To leave the natural rhythm of the pattern

RIGHT
Refers to the right foot, hand, hip or a direction

RISE AND FALL
Coming up on the toes by bracing the ankles and stretching the spine then lowering to the heels

BODY RISE
The body rises by bracing the leg muscles and stretching the spine then relaxes to a natural stance

ROLL
The indicated body part circles right or left

ROUND DANCE
All types of social dances were once called round dances. Today round dance refers to couples or groups of three or more, doing routine patterns dancing counterclockwise or clockwise around the dance floor

RUNNING MAN
A series of steps and scoots (usually back) that resemble a running action EXAMPLE: 1 Step slightly forward LEFT & Hitch right and scoot back on LEFT 2 Step slightly forward RIGHT & Hitch left and scoot back on RIGHT Repeat as many times as the count indicates

SAILOR STEP
A triple step dance pattern accomplished by leaning in the opposite direction of the crossing foot (weight stays centered over lead foots original position) EXAMPLE: Leaning toward left (1) Step left behind right (&) Side step right (2) Side step left (to original position)

SCOOT or SKIP
Slide of the weighted foot (or feet) forward, backward or sideways or A hitch with movement of the weighted foot

SHUFFLE
A triple step similar to a Polka step with no lilt; EXAMPLE: SHUFFLE FORWARD LEFT 1 Step forward left & Bring the right foot up to the heel of the left foot 2 Step forward left Note: From a technical stand point, a shuffle would be smooth, a polka would have lilt (bounce), and a cha-cha would have Cuban Motion. This may be of little or no concern to the social dancer especially the beginner.

SHIMMY
Alternating shoulder movements forward and backward

SLIDE
A movement in any direction; Step on one foot then draw or slide the other foot up to the weighted foot

SLOW
A step or weight change that takes two beats of music

SPIN
A 360° turn on one foot

SPLIT
The feet move apart with the weight evenly distributed over both feet

SPOT
A step in place that does not progress in any direction

SPOTTING
Focusing on a fixed point through a turn

SYNCOPATED SPLITS
Feet move apart separately and are brought back together Counted as "& 1, & 2"

STEPS

WALKING
- SLOW Usually takes two beats of music

RUNNING
- QUICK(Half of a Slow) takes one beat of music

SLIDE
(left or right) May be taken to a Slow or Quick coun

PIVOT
- A movement of the feet, turning on the ball or balls of the feet

BALANCE
- A step, together, hold

STEP
The transfer of weight from one foot to another

STROLL
A forward diagonal step followed by a cross behind (lock) and another step forward

STRUT
Moving forward, place the heel then the ball of the foot on the floor for counts 1, 2

SUGAR FOOT
Alternating swiveling feet in the direction of the un-weighted foot Taken in place or traveling

SWAY
A tilt of the chest to the side, without lowering the torso Stretching from the side upwards

SWING
The free foot is raised and moved forward, backward, sideways or crosswise

SYNCOPATED PATTERN
Any variation of a defined dance pattern

SYNCOPATED RHYTHM
To step between the down beats Any rhythm pattern which uses accents other than the down beat

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TYPES OF TURNS: OUTSIDE
A turn to the right for the lady and left for the man,
-INSIDE
A turn to the left far the lady and right for the man

FREE TURN
To turn independently without any body contact

CHAINÉ
A turn with feet together in 1st position with a weight change

3-STEP TURN or CONGA

A 360° turn in 2nd dance position, taking three weight changes and ending with a touch or point. Often called a turning or rolling vine, because of it's common usage as a variation within a dance

PADDLE TURN
A turn either left or right, using a series of ball changes with 3/4 of the weight staying over the turning foot

PIVOT
A 180° turn taking two weight changes to complete Done in extended 3rd or 4th dance position with the thighs locked

TRAVELING PIVOTS
Pivots danced down LOD in extended 5th position

PIVOT TURN, MILITARY TURN or BREAK TURN
Transfer weight to the forward foot then turn 180° in the opposite direction of the forward foot Return weight to original foot

SPIN
A 360° turn on one foot

TWIRL
A square dance term for turning the lady

VARIATIONS
Any movement of footwork that is different from the original footwork

WEIGHT CHANGES


BALL CHANGE
A change of weight from the ball of one foot to the other foot

CROSS
To move one foot over the other, either in front or behind

KICK, BALL, CHANGE
May also be done as a Heel, Ball, Change.
ex: Kick forward right & Step down on
ball of right; Change weight to left

IN PLACE, RECOVER
Return the weight to the original supporting weighted foot

ROCK

Two weight changes with the feet apart, taken in any direction

SWITCH
Shifting weight from one foot to the other in a rapid sliding movement

TOGETHER
To bring the feet together with a change of weight

WEIGHTED LEG/FOOT or SUPPORT LEG/FOOT
The foot/leg bearing the weight of the body. The foot you're standing on.

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